Pattern Making Technique in Apparel Industry
Ashraful Hasan Tarek
B.Sc. in Textile Engineering (PTEC)
Specialized in Apparel Manufacturing
Banglabazar, Gazipur, Bangladesh.
A pattern is a hard paper which contains all the necessary parts of a garment is made by cutting board paper after sketching on it. According to this pattern, cloth is cut and then garments are made. For industrial production, different patterns are made for different size and a marker is made with these for a large scale production. Then many cloths are cut at a time and finally garments are made by large number workers in the garment industry.
Method of Pattern Making:
The pattern is normally made for a few or sample production. At first, all the necessary measurements are collected from buyer file as per style or design. Then sketching the parts primarily according to the body on paper. After making a particular style, different types of pattern are made in different sizes. For a particular style, pattern parts are made as same. It is made to make marker for a large scale production after approval. To use this pattern made by standard body measurement for many times. Normally a pattern master makes the pattern parts as his skills and following buyer comments.
The pattern maker may use one of the following techniques to develop a sample pattern. He manipulates a new pattern by using geometrical rules to modify pattern pieces. He may translate a design that has been draped and pinned on a dress form by converting the shapes of the draped garments sections into paper pattern pieces. He may pin pieces of muslin to a garments being copied and rub tailor’s chalk over the seams and darts, making a rub. The chalk markings are then used to create a flat paper pattern. From this initial pattern, a sample garments is developed. If any corrections need, pattern master improves it as buyer comment. After sampling approval, marker is made by CAD software for bulk production following the previous style.