Different Types of Garments Wash
Noor Ahmed Raaz
B.Sc. in Textile Engineering (CU)
Lecturer, Department of Textile Engineering
Atish Dipankar University of Science & Technology
The garment was is a new technology in the garment trade. Normally washing mean cleaning something. But in the garment trade, only cleaning of garments is not the garment wash. Garment washing is a technology which is applied to change or modify the outlook, appearance, comfortability, and design of garments. Garment washing is applied on solid dyed garments or solid printed fabric. Now I would like to discuss the different types and objects of wash in the garment industry.
Types of Garments Washing:
In garments industry, there are mainly two types of washing process for garments products. Those processes are wet washing process and dry washing process. Here also wet washing process is divided by eight ways and the dry washing process is divided by five ways, according to the fabric quality and buyer requirements. But most common and applied wash in garment is normal wash, which is also known as detergent wash. In the wet washing process enzyme wash, stone wash and bleach wash is most popular to the buyer and the manufacturer. On the other hand, Potassium per magnet spray and hand scraping is common for dry washing process in the garments industry.
A. Wet Washing Process
1. Normal wash or Detergent wash
2. Pigment wash
3. Enzyme wash
4. Stone wash
5. Bleach wash
6. Enzyme-stone wash
7. Bleach-stone wash
8. Acid wash
B. Dry Wash Process
1. Sand blasting
2. Whisking or wrinkling
3. Hand scrapping
4. Potassium per magnet spray (PP spraying)
Objects of Garments Wash:
- To remove dirt, dust and waste materials from garments.
- To remove size materials from garments.
- For garments wash shrinkage occurs, so accurate measurement can be found by customers.
- Fading effect is varied here by variation of an amount of detergent used, processing time and processing temperature.
- To increase the brightness of garments.
- To increase the smoothness of garments.
- To change the appearance of garments.
- To make directly wearable after purchase.
- To make garments become soft and handy.
- To remove harmful materials from garments.