Classification of Textile Fibers
Noor Ahmed Raaz
B.Sc. in Textile Engineering (CU)
Specialized in Apparel Manufacturing
Atish Dipankar University of Science & Technology
The Fiber is classes of materials which consist of fibrous structure and length is thousand times higher than its diameter and can be spun into yarn, appropriate for weaving & knitting and easily colored by suitable dye stuff are also known as textile fiber. The major characteristic of fiber is thousand times longer than its width. Generally textile fibers are used for manufacturing three types of fabrics which are woven, non-woven and knitted fabrics.
Characteristics of Textile fiber:
There are different types of fibers, but all of are not textile fibers. To become a textile fiber, it must have some fundamental properties and characteristics.
The characteristics of textile fiber are given below:
- It must have fibrous formation.
- It Length is thousand times longer than its diameter.
- It should have spun able ability.
- It should have sufficient strength and spinning ability.
- It should have contained elasticity and flexibility characteristics.
- It must be Fineness.
- It must have special color.
- It should have affinity to dye stuff.
Classification of Textile Fibers:
According to the properties and characteristics, textile fibers are classified into two main parts which are natural fiber and man-made fiber or artificial fiber. Now I would like to discuss the general classification of textile fibers as below.
The fiber which comes from nature is known as natural fiber. Mainly natural fiber is found from cellulose, protein and mineral. The origin of cellulose is a vegetable, protein is animal and mineral is asbestos. Some examples are as follows
- Cellulose: Cotton, sisal, bamboo, bast etc.
- Protein: Lamb wool, mulberry, horse hair, etc.
- Mineral: Asbestos.
Man-made fiber is an artificial fiber, which is made by a polymerization process in the factory. But some man-made fibers are made from natural fibers which are called regenerated man-made fiber. Man-made fibers are classified in two ways. There are as follows
- Organic: Viscose, acetate, acrylic etc.
- Inorganic: Glass, metal, carbon etc.