Uses of Man-made Fiber
S M Fijul Kabir (Mahin)
B.Sc. in Textile Engineering (CU)
Specialized in Apparel Manufacturing
Lecturer, BGMEA University of Fashion & Technology
Man-made fiber is also known as synthetic or artificial fiber. This fiber’s raw material is synthetic which is produced by polymerization process. During the manufacturing process of man-made fiber, anyone can easily modify its properties and characteristic. But in natural fiber processing it’s not possible. That’s why this fiber is called man-made fiber.
Uses of man-made fiber:
There are different kinds of man-made fiber which have the particular use in different kinds of textile products. Now I am going to explain, the uses of different kinds of man-made fiber such as-
Viscose is used in power transmission belting, umbrella cloths & protective cloths, as sewing embroidery threads. It is also used in manufacturing hoses & plastic. Cotton is blend with viscose for reducing cost. Polyester is blend with viscose to make thermal dresses.
Acetate is used for making lingerie, gowns, underwear & ties for men’s wear, pajama, socks, sportswear, insulator for electrical wiring & coils, household fabrics such as drapery & upholstery fabrics.
Polyester fiber is widely used for apparels both 100% form & blended form with cotton, nylon, wool, rayon, acetate etc. fiber. It is also used for making thermal underwear.
Polyamide is used for parachute fabrics, cords & ropes. As nylon have excellent dimensional stability these are used for ladies gloves, ladies hose, under wear, swimming wear, hosiery fabrics. It is also used for home furnishing in carpets. It is used in manufacturing of belts of various machine (Flat belt, V-belt), fishing nets, tire cords, filtering cloths, sewing threads, tow ropes.
Acrylic is mainly used in sweater, jersey, knit outer wear fabrics & blankets. It is used as a blend component with cotton, viscose, wool fiber. It also used for making carpet due to good resiliency property. It is also popular in sportswear, ski cloths; children snow suits filter cloth, protective cloth, wigs.
Polyolefin is widely used in seat cover of car, outdoor furniture, weeding, carpet backing, ropes, twins, netting, sweater & sportswear.