Application of Structural Design in Apparel Industry

By | April 17, 2017

 Application of Structural Design in Apparel Industry

Reeha Ismail Sayyad
Asst. Editor
Textile Merchandising
Assistant Professor
Kolhapur, India.


Structural Designing:

Every designer works on a collection. A collection can consist of minimum of six dresses to maximum twenty or more dresses. All the dress belong to a similar theme. The dresses can be different but should like as if they belong to the same theme. There are two different types/divisions of designing for any theme, which are often inseparable, which can be defined as factors influencing the design, for designing desired garment or outfit. It is necessary to understand what constitutes a good design. Design is an art element to produce an expressive personal idea by knowledgeable manipulation. The entire purpose of spending the time, money and efforts to enhance the garment is to make it attractive and pleasing one.

Structural Design in Garments:

All over design of a garment its silhouette and all details, assembling the parts of the design such as darts. Sometimes it may be very plain or very elaborate. Structure in designs is more important because they are fundamental components of a garment. A complete knowledge of the various fundamental elements of design would help a designer to create and design a garment on aesthetic manner.

Elements of Structural Design in Apparel:

A design can be defined as an arrangement of elements that create a visual image. Designing means moving elements like lines, silhouette, colors, texture and details from the state of randomness to the higher state of organizing them in a unique way. Structural designing is a science and an art. It is a tool for modern creator and the world of design. It is a way of getting new ideas and inspirations. Structural design includes all elements of design and follows principles of design at the same design.

Structural components are responsible for original beauty of a form. It includes dart manipulation techniques, layers, pleats, yokes, plackets, pockets frills, tucks, flounces, gathers, bows, fasteners. Elements of basic structural design are derived into four ways. They as follow-

  1. Silhouette (Straight, Bell, Bustle Silhouette)
  2. Lines (Straight and Curved Lines)
  3. Colors (Warm And Cold Colors)
  4. Textures (Smooth, Stiff, Rough and Shiny)


A silhouette which defines form or shape of a garment, using different types of lines in it in an arrangements of pattern components. It may be very plain or embellished at the same time using appropriate colors and textures as per the theme. A good structural design gives interest in garment, when it gives balanced and proportionate look of the finished garment. In order to form structural design it is necessary to combine these elements well, and understand the principles of design.

Silhouette (Straight, Bell, Bustle Silhouette)

Silhouette (Straight, Bell, Bustle Silhouette)

2. Lines:

Lines play a trick on the eyes. When it is used correctly it becomes potent factor in the development of designer outfit. Generally straight and curved lines are use in garments design.

3. Colors:

Color has greater appeal than other factor. It colors have functional as well as emotional significance. These qualities of colors are very helpful for designing a theme based outfit. The outline of the outfit is noticed very easily, this called shape or form of a garment. To produce harmony in garment, smaller spaces within the silhouette should be related to the larger ones and be in a pleasing proportion.

Colors (Warm And Cool Colors)

Colors (Warm And Cold Colors)

4. Textures:

Texture is determined by the surface quality and the feel of hand. Some texture of fabric conceal the actual outline of the wear. A well designed garment has a unique structure and appropriateness which make it right for the wearer as well as the theme or the occasion. Desired look of a particular garment can be achieved using these elements in an appropriate way and that designed can be called as structural one.

Textures (Smooth, Stiff, Rough and Shiny)

Textures (Smooth, Stiff, Rough and Shiny)

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