Fabric Spreading Process in Garments
Noor Ahmed Raaz
B.Sc. in Textile Engineering (CU)
Specialized in Apparel Manufacturing
A.M.C.S Textile Ltd (AEPZ)
Fabric spreading is a method where piles of fabric are spread a specific length and width wise according to the garment marker measurement. A proper fabric spreading process in garments may effect on productivity, quality, and cost of the production. Fabric spreading is very important task to maintain proper shape of fabric before cutting of garments. Now I would like to discuss about the process of fabric spreading in the apparel industry.
Fabric Spreading Process in Garments:
There are two methods applied in garment industry for fabric spreading process. They are manual method and mechanical method. The manual method is totally hand spreading method therefore this process is quite slow. On the other hands, mechanical method is two types. They are semi-automatic and full automatic. Before fabric spreading few perpetration is essential both manual and mechanical methods. For smooth and proper spreading process in garments below factors must be considered during fabric spreading-
1. Fabric Length and Weight:
During fabric spreading length and width should equal to marker length and width. This measurement must be uniform before fabric cutting. Otherwise fabric wastage may be increased or defective garment component may be produced.
2. Fabric Tension:
The tension in fabric lay should be uniform. If the tension is higher than small size actual size. On the other hand, if the fabric lay be loose then it may create problem during fabric cutting and lager size of component may be produced than the actual size.
3. Fabric Splicing:
Another important factor of fabric spreading is fabric splicing. Splicing should be accurate during fabric spreading. Excess splicing may increase faulty area and short splicing may produce faulty component. The lay of the fabric should be maintained according to the fabric construction and splicing methods.
4. Static Electricity:
Generally man-made fibers are may increase the charge of electricity, which is the main reason for producing static electricity in the fabric spreading process. Static electricity should be removed by earthing or using special oil between two layers of fabric.
5. Fabric Ply Direction:
The direction of fabric ply should be corrected. Fabric ply direction depends on the type of fabric, Shape of the pattern and construction of fabric. Therefore, ply direction must be checked before laying the ply on cutting table. Otherwise, they may create problem during the sewing section in garments.
6. Ply Number:
Ply number is another important factor for fabric spreading. Ply number should be counted during fabric spreading. The higher ply number may increase vibration between cutting knife and fabric layer and low number of ply may reduce the fabric spreading productivity.
7. Stripe and Check Matching:
Stripe and check should be matched with every ply of fabric. Therefore stripe and check matching are done very carefully during fabric spreading process in garments. Otherwise that will be created problem during the sewing section in garments.
8. Fabric Faults removing:
There are different types of fabric faults are found in fabric inspection section. They are such as hole, missing end, broken end, thick end, Reedy fabric, broken pattern, double pick, slub, snarl, thick and thin places, temple marks etc. Before fabric spreading those faults must be identified and also remove from fabric.