Common Apparel Sewing Machine with Features

By | July 18, 2017

Common Apparel Sewing Machine with Features 

Noor Ahmed Raaz
B.Sc. in Textile Engineering (CU)
Lecturer, Department of Textile Engineering
Atish Dipankar University of Science & Technology
Email: raju.uttara105@gmail.com

 

Sewing Machine:

We all know that sewing department is the heart of an apparel industry. Therefore, sewing machine plays an important role in manufacturing a complete garment. The sewing machine is mostly used to stitch fabric or other materials to attach jointly with the help of threads. Different types of sewing machines are required for joining different part of garments. Now I am going to discuss different types of sewing machines and their features.

Types of Sewing Machine:

  1. Over Lock (O/L) Machine
  2. Plain Needle (P/N) Lock Stitch or Single Needle (S/N) Lock Stitch
  3. Flat Lock (F/L)
  4. Bartack Machine (BTK)
  5. Button Hole (B/H)
  6. Button Attach
  7. Kansai Machine (KAN)

1. Over Lock (O/L) Machine:

Needle: 2, 1

Lopper: 2

Thread: 4, 3

Stitch Type: Cover Stitch

Operation: Side Seam, In Seam, Back & Front rise, Lace join, Neck join, Shoulder join, Body hem, Elastic join Collar join, Cuff join, Piping, Bottom join.

Over Lock Machine

Over Lock Machine (O/L)

2. Plain Needle (P/N) Lock Stitch or Single Needle (S/N) Lock Stitch:

Needle: 1 or sometimes 2

Bobbin Case: 1
Thread: 2, 1

Stitch Type: Lock Stitch

Operation:  All Tuck, Poker Join, Placket join, Placket 1/16 Top Sites, Placket Box, Placket kasha, Zipper T/P Sites, Side Band Join& T/P, Loop Join.

Single Needle (S/N) Lock Stitch

Single Needle (S/N) Lock Stitch

3. Flat Lock (F/L):

Needle: 3, 2, 1 (high-3)

Lopper: 1

Zing jag: 1 (Not All Use)

Thread: 5,4,3,2

Stitch Type: Chain Stitch

Operation: Churl Hem, Top sites Seam, Neck Top sites, Piping, Body Hem.

Flat Lock Machine (F/L)

Flat Lock Machine (F/L)

4. Bartack Machine (BTK):

Needle: 1

Bobbin Case: 1

Thread: 2

Stitch Type: straight stitch

Operation: Heavy sewing for a small length of garment parts such as waist band, pocket edges, etc.

Bartack Machine (BTK)

Bartack Machine (BTK)

5. Button Hole (B/H):

Needle: 1

Bobbin Case: 1

Thread: 2

Operation: Button hole

Button Hole (B/H)

Button Hole (B/H)

6. Button Attach:

Needle: 1

Bobbin Case: 1

Thread: 2

Type of stitch: chain stitch or lock stitch

Operation: Button joins with body

Button Attach

Button Attach

7. Kansai Machine (KAN):

Needle: 2 (high 12)

Lopper: 2 (hig-12)

Thread: Use of 4 (above 2)

Stitch Type: multi needle chain stitch

Operation: Especially using for sewing waist bands.

Kansai Machine (KAN)

Kansai Machine (KAN)

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